Who says learning to code should be hard? Or better yet, what are the easiest languages to learn for beginners?

It might be a little daunting for any beginner who just started to learn to code. There are a lot of programming languages to choose from (256 to be precise). Sometimes it can get really difficult to choose which one will suit you best. With time you’ll understand that there’s no “best programming language ever” – it all depends on the project you’re working on. But that’s a whole other topic.

We’ve ranked the top 6 easiest programming languages to learn for beginners, and it goes like this:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Python
  3. Java
  4. C
  5. C++
  6. PHP

Without further ado, let’s dive right into each one of them.




JavaScript

JavaScript is a great client-side scripting language. It’s mainly used to improve user interaction with websites. You can make your website blow up by using JavaScript, and it’s also widely being used in the game development and mobile application world.

JavaScript was developed by Brendan Eich back in 1995.

There are various reasons why you may want to use JavaScript on your web page even though the page is usable without JavaScript. Most of the reasons associated with providing a friendlier encounter for those of your visitors who do have JavaScript enabled.

Pros:

  • It’s really fast because it can be run very quick in client-side browsers
  • JavaScript is very easy to learn
  • It works fine with other languages and can be used in different applications

Cons:

  • It allows single inheritance
  • No copy or similar method is available in JavaScript
  • JavaScript is interpreted separately by different browsers (what might work in Chrome, won’t work in IE)

Check out our own blog on “How to learn JavaScript quickly”. You’ll realize that it deserves to top the “The 6 Easiest Languages to Learn For Beginners” list.




Python

According to the latest TIOBE Programming Community Index, Python is one of the top 10 popular programming languages of 2019.

Python is one of the most frequently used, high-level programming languages. We feel like it’s one of the easiest programming languages to learn for beginners just because it’s simple, readable and easy to use. You’ll use fewer lines of code to express a concept that would’ve taken longer with other languages (in some cases). In essence, it’s a language that allows you to create code, a lot of code, in the short term.

Python was developed by Guido van Rossum back in 1991.

Python is a general-purpose language, which means it can be used to build just about anything, which will be made easy with the right tools/libraries. Professionally, Python is great for backend web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and scientific computing.

Pros:

  • Encourages multiple systems and platforms
  • Operate object-oriented programming (OOPs).
  • Helps improve programmer’s productivity
  • Allows you to easily scale even the most complex applications
  • Comprehensive support library

Cons:

  • Use for Mobile Computing
  • The layer using Python’s database is slightly undeveloped and primitive.

Take a look at our article on “Why Python should be the first language you learn”.




Java

Java is also one of the most popular and easiest programming languages to learn. It’s pure object-oriented, designed to be portable. This roughly translates that you can find it on the majority of platforms, operating systems, and devices.

Java was developed by James Gosling in Sun Microsystems back in 1996.

Java is one of the best programming languages that is based on the concept of Objects. And thus, it is also known as the Object-Oriented Programming Language. Also, there are some of the remarkable features that Java provides and hence, it makes programmers use it as one of the most effective and efficient programming language. Thus, here are some of the features that you can have a look at.

Pros:

  • It’s an Object-Oriented Language
  • It presents APIs for various activities like database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc.
  • Powerful open-source rapid development tools
  • A huge number of open-source libraries

Cons:

  • Memory management in Java is quite expensive
  • The absence of templates can limit you to creating high-quality data structures.

If you want to learn more about the new Java 13 update, check out our article.




C

The C programming language is the oldest, commonly used programming language to this day. The C language is the origin of a lot of famous programming languages like C, Java, and JavaScript.

C developers have to use compilers for a lot of different platforms, and the language is widely used for commercial purposes like Firefox and Adobe.

C was developed by Bell laboratories, by Dennis Richie to be more precise, in 1972!

I personally like C because it’s flexible; I can do whatever I want to do. There is no limitation even I can access restricted memory locations too using pointers. Since C language lacks some security features but this makes C language more flexible as you can access anything from anywhere.

Pros:

  • There are various data types and powerful operators in the C language.
  • It is a highly portable language.
  • Another important advantage of C is to expand its potential.

Cons:

  • No concept of object-oriented programming in C.
  • There is no runtime check in the C language.
  • For floating data types.




C++

C++ is an, if I may say, improvised version of the C language. The C++ language also uses compilers for different platforms and developing applications. It’s a very high-performance language and is widely used in developing applications where performance is a top priority. It’s very commonly used when there is client/client content to the app.

C++ was developed back in 1980 by Bjarne Stroustrup at, not coincidentally, Bell Laboratories of AT&T in the USA.

C++ is still around and several of the applications that run on Windows and Linux are composed in it. The entire AAA games industry, with a few multimillion-dollar titles, depends on C++. I doubt any other language will ever be a good fit in that domain.

Pros:

  • It is a popular language, and thus, there are several compilers and libraries
  • Other programming languages like C, C++, and Java have the same syntax as C++, making it easy for everyone who knows C++.
  • No garbage collector is running in the background.

Cons:

  • The syntax is complicated, and the standard library is small, making it very difficult for beginners to learn this language.
  • C++ programs can not support garbage storage or dynamic memory allocation
  • The object orientation system in C++ is unnecessarily basic compared to other languages.




PHP

PHP is one of the easiest programming languages to learn as a beginner. It’s an open-source, general-purpose scripting language, especially suited for web development which can be embedded in HTML.

The PHP language deservedly makes the “The 6 Easiest Languages to Learn For Beginners” list, considering the popularity.

PHP is an acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor, and it can use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript commands – and add them as needed. The PHP language is considered the easiest way of allowing communication between the web server and its clients.

It was created back in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf.

PHP is basically used for, well anything you want to do on a web browser. Want to make a blog? PHP is there for you. Create a full software-as-a-service? PHP is the answer. PHP is also very commonly used to write a complicated set of scripts that incidentally become a successful software business.

Pros:

  • It is a very simple and easy language
  • Functional and object-oriented programming
  • The large open-source software community
  • A reasonable system of automation tools available for testing and deploying

Cons:

  • Error handling feature is poor because PHP lacks debugging tools
  • PHP is not secure because it is one of the open-source languages
  • Developing a website with PHP web development is slower than other programming languages.




How well did we do on our “The 6 Easiest Languages to Learn For Beginners” list? Let us know in the comments below.

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